The Turkish Alphabet

(the following is an extract from one of my beginner level lessons – see full details http://www.forlang.com/turkish)

The Alphabet

The Turkish alphabet consists of 29 letters – 8 vowels and 21 consonants.

Each letter has only one sound which never changes (well, almost never!)

A B C Ç D E F G Ğ H I İ J K L M N O Ö P R S Ş T U Ü V Y Z

Note that three letters of the English alphabet are missing from the Turkish alphabet: Q, W and X

There are six additional characters not found in the English alphabet:

Ç-ç    Ğ-ğ    I-ı    Ö-ö    Ş-ş     Ü-ü

Now – letter by letter. I have chosen English words which have the same sound, or as near as possible, to show you the Turkish sound:

A,a  (almost) always a shortish sound, as in star, jar

B, b  as in English – bet, bag

C, c  like the English j – jet, joke

Ç, ç  like the English chchurch, chat

D, d  as in English : debt, did

E, e  always a short sound, like the English ehbet, tell

F, f  as in English – fall, fix

G, g  always a hard sound – game, go, and never a soft g as in gym

Ğ, ğ this does not have any sound by itself, and is never used as the first letter of a word. It elongates the vowel after it, or on either side of it

…to be continued

If you would like to learn more about Turkish, please contact me or see my website http://www.forlang.com/turkish

About turkishtutor

Experienced and Cambridge certified teacher of English and Turkish. Lived and worked in Turkey and New Zealand, now back in the UK and teaching online for the past 5 years.
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