Turkish is a very ancient language and belongs to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic family of languages. It has almost nothing in common with English or other Indo-European languages except for some ‘loan words’, often from English or French.
Up to 1928, Turkish was written in Arabic script, but following Atatürk’s reforms this was changed to a phonetic equivalent in the Latin alphabet (familiar to us from English).
The main features of the Turkish language are:the main features which distinguish the Altaic languages from Indo-European are as follows:
Vowel harmony This is one of the first steps in learning Turkish, and is the reason for the harmonious sound of the language. It is much easier to learn than you might think!
Use of suffixes This is also called ‘agglutination’. Whereas in English we use separate words to make sentences, in Turkish it is possible to make a whole sentence from just one word – for example:
Kalb/ım/de/sin You are in my heart [heart-my-in-you (are)]
Word Order A typical Turkish sentence is ordered: subject + object + verb, that is, opposite to the usual English word order: subject + verb + object.
Arkadaşım araba aldı – My friend bought a car
Arkadaşım friend-my [subject] araba car [object] aldı bought [verb]
Would you like to learn Turkish? http://www.forlang.com/turkish